woensdag 18 september 2013

Budget - Trade - Current Account Deficit

It can be interesting to watch how the budget deficit, the trade deficit and the current account deficit evolves over time. As I said before, deficits are inversely correlated with the currency value. Ever since 1970, the U.S. dollar decreased in value as deficits went up. The following chart gives the annual budget - trade - current account deficit.

The budget deficit (yellow chart) is a measure of how much the federal government is spending more than it receives. The budget deficit = Federal government spending minus Federal government receipts. We currently have an annualized $1 trillion budget deficit.

The current account (BOPBCA) (green chart) is simply a measure of how much money is flowing out of the country compared with how much is flowing in from foreign sources.

The balance of trade (BOPGSTB) (red chart) is the biggest part of the current account. It measures the value of what we sell overseas minus what we buy from overseas. The U.S. trade deficits started since 1970, when the U.S. started to import a lot of oil and consumer goods.

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